When it comes to managing your finances, it’s essential to grasp the basics, such as the concept of the Personal Allowance. In this guide, we’ll unravel the “mystery” of the Personal Allowance and explore how it can benefit you financially. Read our article and see how you are entitled to a tax-free allowance of £12,570 in the current tax year.


What is the Personal Allowance?

The Personal Allowance is the amount of your income you don’t have to pay tax on. Did we get your attention? Good! Because even this allowance has remained consistent for the past three years, we are talking about an amount of £12,570. This means that if your total income falls below this threshold, you won’t be liable to pay any Income Tax. It’s a tax-free gift from the government designed to ease the financial burden on individuals with lower incomes.


How does the Personal Allowance work?

Understanding how the Personal Allowance works can help you make the most of this tax benefit. Here’s a breakdown of the key points:

1. Tax Bands:

  • Personal Allowance (Up to £12,570): No Income Tax is applied.
  • Basic Rate (£12,571 to £50,270): Income within this range is taxed at a rate of 20%.
  • Higher Rate (£50,271 to £125,140): Income within this range is taxed at a rate of 40%.
  • Additional Rate (Over £125,140): Income exceeding this threshold is taxed at a rate of 45%.

2. Impact of Personal Allowance:

The Personal Allowance impacts the amount of taxable income within each band. If your income falls within the Personal Allowance, you reduce your taxable income to zero.

3. Allowances for other income types:

Besides the Personal Allowance, there are tax-free allowances for:

  • Savings Interest
  • Dividend Income (if you own shares in a company)
  • Self-Employment Income (the ‘trading allowance’)
  • Property Rental Income (unless you use the Rent a Room Scheme)




Maximizing your tax benefits

To make the most of your entitlement to the Personal Allowance, consider these tips:

  1. Keep an Eye on Your Tax Code: Your tax code determines your Personal Allowance. Ensure it’s accurate to avoid overpaying taxes.
  2. Claim Income Tax Reliefs: If eligible, explore various Income Tax reliefs to reduce your tax liability.
  3. Explore Marriage Allowance: If married or in a civil partnership, Marriage Allowance can help lower your partner’s tax if your income is below the standard Personal Allowance.
  4. Review Your Eligibility: If you or your partner were born before 6th April 1935, you might be eligible for Married Couple’s Allowance.


In conclusion, understanding your Personal Allowance of £12,570 can significantly impact your financial well-being. By staying informed and making the most of available tax benefits, you can optimize your finances and work towards a more secure financial future. Remember, tax regulations can change, so it’s essential to stay updated and seek professional advice when needed. Your financial freedom begins with knowing your entitlements and making informed financial decisions. For more information, click here: https://www.gov.uk/income-tax-rates


Lexarox Payroll is here to help you navigate the complexities of taxation and ensure you’re making the most of your allowances. If you wish to understand more about how personal allowance is applied, please get in touch with us. Your financial success is our priority.


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